According to section 503B of the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act, outsourcing facilities are required to comply with all current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) and regulations regarding insanitary conditions. Many regulatory observations are written for the failure to follow cGMPs and insanitary conditions. This article highlights some of the microbial expectations for 503B compounding pharmacies.
Despite quality audits and third-party oversight, contamination of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) pharmaceutical products is still prevalent. This is despite the adoption of cGMP practices, SOPs, risk mitigation methods, and metrics such as key performance indicators. We evaluated various emerging practices to overcome contamination issues. Novel batch concentration tests and dedicated capacity utilization have proven to overcome the source of contaminants. For technology adoption in continuous manufacturing, which is unclear in terms of compliance, the FDA Emerging Technology Team could be used for advisory oversight.
Contamination control activities aim to permanently ensure a sufficient level of cleanliness in controlled environments. This is accomplished by maintaining, reducing, or eradicating viable and non-viable contamination for sanitary purposes or to maintain an efficient rate of production.
Microbial control for non-sterile manufacturing helps to ensure the safety and efficacy of pharmaceuticals. Products that are compromised with excessive amounts of microorganisms, specified microorganisms, or objectionable microorganisms may not be effective or could be dangerous to consumers. Unfortunately, the regulations governing non-sterile manufacturing are not as clear or as abundant as those for sterile manufacturing. This leads many manufacturers to utilize risk assessment analysis tools to adapt portions of sterile manufacturing guidelines when developing environmental monitoring programs for non-sterile environments.
Microbial control is critical in cleanroom environments. Contaminated environments can lead to product recalls, regulatory observations, fines, or even consumer deaths. This article will address concepts of environmental monitoring and the importance of disinfectant efficacy and proper cleaning in cleanrooms.
This article presents a totality of evidence approach to show superior sterility performance of a well-designed closed system compared to conventional aseptic processing, and to design the control strategy.
Microbial control is critical in cleanroom environments. Contaminated environments can lead to product recalls, regulatory observations, fines, or even consumer deaths. In order to properly prevent, destroy, and monitor microbial contamination in cleanrooms, several aspects of cleanroom microbiology must be understood. This four-part article provides a foundational introduction to some of those aspects.
In order to properly prevent, destroy, and monitor microbial contamination in cleanrooms, several aspects of cleanroom microbiology must be understood. This foundational introduction to cleanroom microbiology discusses some of those aspects.